Day_18 mentioned “More must be done to fight climate change” (Bangkok Post)
The national risk assessment mapping in Thailand is briefly explained below.
Table 1 Disaster data in Thailand
A target period of these EM-DAT data is from 1900 to 2014. However, the large numbers of death, affected people, and damage cost caused by natural disasters are all after 1970s as shown in Table 1. The data clarify the 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami and the 2011 Chao Phraya river flood disasters are so influential in Thailand.
Figure 1 National Risk Assessment Mapping in Thailand
Using EM-DAT data of Thailand (1900-2014), Figure 1 was created. These risk assessment mapping (Frequency-Impact by each damage type) is very simple, but we can easily grasp the whole pictures of the risks.
To evaluate each risk, the following risk matrix options are useful.
Figure 2 Risk matrix options (1)
Figure 3 Risk matrix options (2)
It is clear that the flood is the most countermeasures required disaster in Thailand from the Figure1. By using Figure 2 and 3, for example, we can recognize the extensive management and monitoring are essential and immediate action must be taken against the floods.
The above explanations are very rough. Detailed explanations will be discussed later.
The above was already published with explanations as a report for the Japanese Association for Earthquake and Engineering (JAEE).