The second turning point is the Great Hanshin-Awaji Earthquake (Kobe Earthquake) in 1995.After the event, we have recognized that we can not prevent disaster, but we can mitigate disasters as mentioned before.This disaster’s total victims number is 6,437 including disasters related death after the disasters.
There are five major disaster management law was enacted as follows:
1) Act on Special Measures for Earthquake Disaster Countermeasures in 1995
2) Act on Promotion of the Earthquake-proof Retrofit of Buildings Amendment of Disaster Countermeasures Basic Act in 1995
3) Act on Special Measures for Preservation of Rights and Profits of the Victims of Specified Disasters in 1996
4) Act on Promotion of Disaster Resilience Improvement in Densely Inhabited Areas in 1997
5) Act on Support for Livelihood Recovery of Disaster Victims in 1998
Especially, 5) Act on Support for Livelihood Recovery of Disaster Victims in 1998 was finally enacted by the strong request from civic groups. It was difficult to approve the act because this act means assisting the personal assets by government financial support. The act is disbursed to households whose homes are destroyed above the setting scale. In 2004, the support amount was extended to three million yen.